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تاريخ التسجيل : 12/10/2010
|موضوع: Gerunds & Infinitives - Handout الأربعاء فبراير 16, 2011 2:16 am|| |
Gerunds and InfinitivesPart 1. Using GERUNDS1. A gerund is an -ing form of a verb that is used
as a noun rather than as a verb. Because it is used as a noun, it can
appear in any sentence position that any noun can occupy.
Part 2. Using infinitivesInfinitives (to + v1) are used after certain verbs or after
GERUND = swimming
Verbs followed by gerunds
Swimming is good exercise.
SUBJECT of the sentence
Enjoy, quit, avoid, keep, discuss, suggest, admit, advise,
delay, deny, discuss, enjoy, practice,
stop, regret, understand, finish, appreciate, go, mind, imagine,
He likes swimming every day.
DIRECT OBJECT of the VERB like
He is crazy about swimming in the ocean.
OBJECT of the PREPOSITION about
adjectives that reveal a person's feelings or after too + adjective
Gerunds or Infinitives
Infinitive = to play
Adjectives followed by infinitives
Verbs followed by infinitives
I want to play football
I'm eager to play football
I'm too tired to play football
Afraid, amazed, careful, eager, glad, happy, pleased, ready,
shocked, surprised, willing, unwilling
Hope, plan, want, need, pretend, ask, promise, agree,
appear, decide, expect, prepare, fail, wait, manage, claim, beg, refuse,
- It began to rain or it began raining
I like to play
tennis or I like playing
Verbs that are either followed by gerunds or infinitives
Begin, continue, hate, love, like, start, commence,
prefer, neglect, propose, can't bear, dread
examples about using too + adjective
tea is very hot. I can't drink it.
or The tea is too hot to
sad these days. I can't celebrate.
or I'm too sad to celebrate.Note: an infinitive becomes a gerund when it takes the place of the
subject "it" in a sentence:
It is difficult to learn
Chinese is difficult.
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