Structural Syntax: Immediate Constituents
All grammatical constructions can be analyzed into
Immediate Constituents (ICs).
In the case of grammatical coordination, constructions may have
three or more ICs
. The construction pie, cake, cookies, and
, for example, has four ICs
and the coordinating conjunction and
to connect them. Except in such cases, structural grammar analyzes syntax by
dividing grammatical constructions into exactly two ICs
More complex structures can be analyzed by means of "Chinese
Structural grammar analyzes the suntax of a sentence by dividing the whole
sentence into its ICs
, and then dividing those ICs
, and so on--until the analysis reaches the level of individual
A more perspicuous way of diagramming this same structure uses a
Here the "equals" sign ( = ) indicates grammatical coordination.
The concept of the Immediate Constituent (IC)
is one of
two fundamental concepts in the structural analysis of syntax. The other fundamental
concept is the concept of the Grammatical Tie
Click here for a brief explanation of the concept
of the "grammatical tie."
صلى الله على محمد صلى الله عليه وسلمسبحان الله وبحمده، سبحان الله العظيم