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تاريخ التسجيل : 12/10/2010
|موضوع: Conjunctions - Basic Subordinating Conjunctions الجمعة أبريل 29, 2011 7:11 am|| |
Basic Subordinating Conjunctions Basic Subordinating ConjunctionsIntroductionA subordinating conjunction
is a word which joins together a dependent clause and an independent clause.
This page will explain the most common subordinating conjunctions and how to
use them. 1. What is a dependent clause?A clause is a unit which contains a subject and a verb. For
example, “It was raining” is a clause; the subject is “it”, and the verb is “was raining”. A dependent
clause is a clause which cannot exist on its own; it needs a main (or independent) clause to go with it. For example: Because it was raining, I took my umbrella. This sentence contains two clauses, “Because it was raining”
and “I took my umbrella”. The first clause does not mean anything on its own. If you say “Because it was raining”, and nothing else, people will not be able to understand what you mean. However, “I took my umbrella” is an independent clause — we can understand what it means even if it is alone. 2. Joining clauses together with subordinating conjunctions Examine the example sentence one more time: Because it was raining, I took my umbrella. The important word here is “because”. This is a
subordinating conjunction. It is used to
show the relationship between the two clauses. A subordinating
conjunction usually comes at the beginning of the dependent clause, but the dependent clause itself can be before the main clause (usually followed by a comma) or after it (sometimes following a comma): Although it was hot, he was wearing a coat.
He was wearing a coat although it was hot. 3. Important subordinating conjunctionsSome of the most important subordinating conjunctions fall into
two groups: contrast, and cause and effect.
Conjunction Function Example
|express contrast between ideas ||Although she's small, she's very strong. |
John is short, whereas Mary is tall.
|show a cause/effect relationship between |
|I lost my job because I was often late.|
Since I have no money, I can't go to the movie.
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