- Prepositions of Place and Time
The following information and rules will help you
use prepositions of place and time correctly.
Prepositions of Place (Location/Destination)
1. Use “on” with lines and surfaces.
on the west coast of
Canada. --> line
Put the vase on the table. --> surface
They were sitting
on the grass. --> surface
2. Use “in” with areas that have boundaries
and enclosed places.
I was born
in England, but I grew up
in Canada. --> areas that have boundaries
We had a picnic
in the park last Saturday. --> enclosed
I think I left my keys
in the bedroom. --> enclosed
3. Use “arrive” + “at” with activities,
buildings and general locations.
arrived at the picnic at
the same time. --> activity
The tour group will
arrive at the Empire State Building
at three o'clock. --> building
The bus arrived at the station earlier than we
expected. --> location
4. Use “arrive” + “in” with countries, states
Which month did you
5. Prepositions are not used with the
following locations or destinations:
here, home, upstairs, downtown,
abroad, outside, there, where, downstairs
6. Some other prepositions of location
next to, beside, between, in front of, under.
On my desk, the telephone is
The computer monitor is
beside the lamp.
The speaker is
between the telephone and the monitor.
The keyboard is
in front of the monitor.
The computer is
under the desk.
7. Use “to”, “into”, and “onto” to show
When our car broke down, we walked
the nearest gas station.
The delivery people carried the new couch
The man slipped, and fell
onto the couch.
opposite of “to” is “from” / the
opposite of “into” is “out of” / the
opposite of “onto” is “off”.
8. Some other prepositions which show
movement are: through, across, up, down, along, past
The train went
through a tunnel.
When the forest fire started, the deer swam
river to safety.
We walked up/down/along
the street until we found a restaurant.
The parade went
past city hall and ended at the new
Prepositions of Time
1. Use “at” for specific times.
The movie starts
2. Use “in” with months, seasons, and years.
We got married
Most people prefer to get married
in the spring or
summer, but we chose to get married
in the winter.
Note: We say “in the morning”, “in the afternoon”, and “in the
evening”, but we say “at night” and “by day”.
3. Use “on” for days and dates.
I had to work late
on Wednesday, so
I missed the bus. --> day
Diane's friends held a party for her
on her birthday.
4. Use “since” to say when an activity began,
and “for” to say how long it has been going on.
He has been president of the company
We have been waiting
for twenty minutes.
I have lived here
for two years.
present perfect is often used with “since” and “for” to talk about
activities which began in the past and continue in the present.
صلى الله على محمد صلى الله عليه وسلمسبحان الله وبحمده، سبحان الله العظيم